Recalling the people and affairs of the former "Economic Times" period
Author: Zhao hereby
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The predecessor of the "Economic Daily" was the "Foreign and Financial Frontline" and the "China Finance and Trade News". Therefore, it can be said that the "Foreign and Financial Front" and "China Finance and Trade" period was the "pre-"Economic Daily" period. I entered the newspaper office in 1978 and I happened to have experienced this period. By 2009, I retired and worked in the newspaper office for 30 years.
There are two serial numbers under the heading of today’s “Economic Daily”. The general serial number behind the parentheses begins with the first issue of the “Foreign and Financial Frontline” and was later read by the “China Finance and Trade News” before finally reaching the “Economic Daily” and continuing to this day.
First, the first new newspaper after the "Cultural Revolution"
In the summer of 1978, the first new newspaper after the "Cultural Revolution" was launched. It was called "The Financial and Trade Front" and was taken from the name of an internal publication of the former Central Financial, Trade and Political Department. This was in line with the proposal of the "National Conference on Finance and Economics Daqing Dazhai" ("Double Study Conference") held in the same year, which was proposed by Comrade Li Xiannian, who presided over the daily work of the State Council, and Comrade Yao Yilin, who was in charge of financial and trade work. The site is tentatively located in the North Hotel on Dongdan Street, which is a three-story building and is adjacent to the Peking Union Medical College hospital.
The conditions for the initial stage of the newspaper were rather embarrassing. There were only four small rooms and the colleagues were really "comfortable." At that time, the newspaper office did not even use the basic office furniture. It was all borrowed from the Ministry of Foreign Trade. Sometimes it was even necessary to write a revised draft at the bedside; daily office supplies needed to go to the finance and trade team of the State Council; read relevant materials and documents. More to the "Double Learning Conference" preparations office to borrow, Fortunately, the preparations are also located in this small building; dinner to go near the goldfish alley in the Dong'an market. Ballpoint pens, pencil sharpeners and other stationery are bought by themselves. Although the office conditions are distressed, the three Shanghai-brand cars lined up in front of the North Hotel are rather "spirited." One of them was borrowed from the State Council Authority and the other two were newspapers. Thousands of dollars were bought by myself.
At the time, the printing industry was still in the era of "lead and fire." Newspapers need to be typeset and printed. When I was working as a night shift editor, I used to go to the workshop and work with the masters. Only then did I know that the type characters need to be inverted and that they were coded according to different fonts and sizes.
This is a labor-intensive job. While looking at the manuscripts, the masters look for the wooden plaques put into their hands. They are then handed in by the master of the puzzles, and use the letters to spell out the lead plate of the newspaper's size, and then use the string to draw Around the entire lead plate tied tight, the upper type of letters are also anti-, put on the printing press, printed into a newspaper only become positive. In the process of searching for typefaces and making impositions, it is imperative that the lead characters and lead plates in the wooden block are not separated. Otherwise, one word or another will be needed again. It may even delay the delivery time.
Since the newspaper did not have a printing factory at that time and had borrowed the printing equipment of the "Sports Journal" and "Liberation Army Daily", we had to go to work for these newspapers for a long time. Later, the night shifts, prosecutors, and fax transmissions in the typesetting workshop and editorial room were relocated to the Huimin Middle School in Xuanwu District. Today, the printing press of the newspaper office has entered an era of "light and electricity". Laser photocopying technology and high-speed rotary printing machines imported from abroad can not only satisfy newspapers for personal use, but also contract printing services for dozens of other newspapers and magazines.
On July 4, 1978, the National Finance and Trade Conference was opened in Beijing. On the same day, the “Foreign and Financial Front” newspaper also met with 12 million finance and trade workers across the country. The "People's Daily" edition of the same day made a detailed report on the topic of "the establishment of the "Commercial and Trade Frontline" newspaper in Beijing." It was called China's earliest economic newspaper after the "Cultural Revolution."
This newspaper is not so much a new newspaper as it is an old newspaper that was restored. The majority of the newspapers that prepared this newspaper were old newspaper reporters who had been suspended from the “Great Tazuz” in the “Cultural Revolution”. They have a soft spot for Ta Kung Pao, which was established in Tianjin in 1902, and have repeatedly requested the restoration of Ta Kung Pao’s publication. Li Xiannian and other comrades once said to Chang Zhiqing and Li Guangyi, who are responsible for the "Foreign and Financial Frontline", that you used to do big newspapers. Now let you come to the tabloids and wronged you.
The "Ta Kung Pao" still published in Hong Kong is just a branch of the old "Ta Kung Pao." In the "Cultural Revolution", "Ta Kung Pao" was closed, and Hong Kong's "Ta Kung Pao" has never been published until today. Many people do not understand the history of this period of history, even if it is the top level of Hong Kong Ta Kung Pao. In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the publication of Ta Kung Pao in 2002, I was working in Hong Kong. I had introduced to the Hong Kong Ta Kung Pao president Wang Guohua the old Ta Kung Pao that I learned from the old Ta Kung Pao people. I work in the same building.
No. 2 and No. 9
In January 1981, the “Foreign and Financial Front” newspaper was renamed as “China Finance and Trade News”. At this time, the State Council’s Finance and Trade Group moved from the No. 9 inn south of Genhuang Street, West Yellow Sea, to Zhongnanhai Office. The newspaper moved from the North Hotel to the Financial and Trade Team on the 9th. The house of the hospital.
On January 1, 1983, "China Finance and Trade News" was renamed "Economic Daily", and the newspaper office moved to the former site of the original People's Daily, 277 Wangfujing Street. Before 1949, it was the "North China Daily" and the Central News Agency in Beijing. Branch office location.
However, the office conditions of the newspaper office have not been greatly improved and the office is still not enough. In June 1996, the newspaper office had all moved to today's No. 2 Dongfang Street, Baizhifang.
This is located in Nancheng, Beijing. According to the "Peking Travel Guidebook" published in 1936, there were more than 20 companies in the White Paper Square and ten or six of the residents lived in handmade paper. The bean paper was sold in the city. It's mostly a white paper workshop." Well, the old "bean paper" has now been changed to print newsprint. The location of the newspaper is the site of the former Beijing No. 6 Plastics Factory.
Speaking of these several sites, I must say nothing about the No. 9 Yard, Nangan Street, Xihuang. This was once the palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties. It consists of six or seven siheyuans of various sizes. At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty when Li Zicheng arrived in Beijing, he did not directly enter the Forbidden City but first entered the area.
When the newspaper moved to the Ninth House, the three larger courts in the north were said to live in the central leadership respectively. Offices co-located here with the newspaper are the Rural Policy Research Office of the Central Secretariat and the National Import and Export Commission.
There is a sentry post between the gate of the Ninth Academy and the courtyard. Because the newspaper often has visitors, young colleagues often make an argument with the visitors and the guards. It is indeed inconvenient for news agencies and state agencies to work together.
The headline of the "Forum on Finance and Trade" was written in four characters and was first handwritten by Comrade Hua Guofeng. After the name was changed to "China Finance and Trade News", the standard calibrator was used. The four words in the headline of the Economic Times were selected after extensive recruitment. At that time, the conference room was full of inscriptions sent by people from all walks of life. The final decision was made to use Han Shaoyu's works. Not only did the newspaper colleagues praise him, but his social appraisal was also good. Han himself is an amateur author and also a friend of mine. To this day, on the wall of my study, there is a verse written by Li Bai who is written by Zhao Zixiong, who is righteous and generous. Unfortunately, he died of cancer later. When he was hospitalized, I also went to see his old colleagues Mao Mingsan and Wang Qiuhe.
On October 1, 1984, the "Economic Daily" began to use the headings inscribed by Comrade Deng Xiaoping and used them so far.
Third, the old newspaper people
During the period of the “Finance and Trade Frontline”, the editorial department was seldom engaged in frequent events, and there were close contacts between colleagues. The work situation of thousands of people in today’s newspaper house is different.
Comrade Chang Zhiqing has served as chief editor of "Ta Kung Pao" and "Guangming Daily" before the "Cultural Revolution". He was also one of the founders of the "Jin Fu Daily" that was founded in 1940. Comrade Chang Zhiqing is thin and treats people kindly. I still remember the conversation he had with me when I first arrived at the newspaper. The general idea was that of the 20 or so people in the newspaper, almost all were old comrades. You are a young man and you have to work hard. Although there were not many words, I was impressed by the strong Shanxi accent.
The old colleague Liu Cuihua also told me about her impression of Chang Zhiqing when she entered the newspaper in 1979. Not a moment after she arrived, the personnel department informed her to meet with the leaders of the company. When she entered the office, she saw two tables in the room, a large table in front, a tall middle-aged man, a small table behind and a thin old man. Liu Cuihua went straight to the big table and said respectfully, "President, I am..." The middle-aged man kindly encouraged her. It was only after she withdrew that she knew that the leader of the company was the thin old man behind him and that she spoke to Xue Ziying in the office. She remembered that she had just entered the newspaper and saw a thin old man sitting on the steps at the corner of the upper floor. It turned out that Chang Zhiqing suffers from emphysema and can't walk a few steps upstairs. He needs to sit down and rest.
I also listened to Comrade Zhou Zhiqing, the secretary of Comrade Chang Zhiqing, saying that during his hospitalization, Comrade Zhiqing had to write a letter to a friend. Xiao Zhou sent ink and envelopes from the newspaper and was returned by Comrade Chang Zhiqing. Chang Zhiqing said that I wrote private letters and you went to my house to get ink and envelopes. Xiao Zhou also said that the envelopes used by Comrade Chang Zhiqing in the newspapers were used after the old refurbishment.
Unfortunately, Comrade Chang Zhiqing died in Beijing in August 1985 and was 74 years old. To learn more about the situation of Comrade Chang Zhiqing, in April 2008, I asked his son Chang Dalin to talk about his father. He told me that when Comrade Chang Zhiqing died, many leaders of the central leadership sent a wreath or went to the Babaoshan Cemetery to participate in the body farewell. He also said that Comrade Chang Zhiqing’s duties in the “Foreign Trade Front” newspaper and “China Finance and Trade News” until the end of his retiring time have been referred to as “the principal person in charge of the newspaper” and “the number one person”, but he has never been formally appointed. There is no clear definition of what level. However, the old journalist who took part in the revolution in 1934 did not care about it. He worked but still worked until he could not do it.
"Before the "Economic Times" period, I have more contacts in the work are Zhuang Yi, Lu Yiqian, Wang Haotian, Gao Yu, Mao Mingsan, Dong Songquan, Liu Shulie, Xie Mu, Yang Lingfu, Shi Jizhou, Fang Chenghao , Tan Peng, Gao Yongyi, Gao Yongren, Hu Lixuan, Tao Cun, Li Min, Huang Wenfu and other groups of old comrades. When I first arrived at the newspaper, I was an editor in the theory department. Zhuang Yi and Lu Tse Qian were my direct leaders. Lao Zhuang is a straightforward person and is familiar with all parties in the theoretical community. He has organized a large number of high-quality articles for newspapers. Old Lu Ze is introverted, rigorous and meticulous, and has deep theoretical knowledge. The two are my introductory teachers. Wang Haotian later became the deputy chief editor of “Economic Daily” and was the director of my work in the Department of Literature and Art. He likes poetry and is particularly good at sports. He is the author of “The Book of Poetry of Wang Haotian” and I was honoured to receive a book. Gao Wei is a reporter of the old “Ta Kung Pao”. When working in Chongqing’s Bai District, he was often mentioned by Comrade Zhou Enlai. The celebrities of the older generation of culture and arts, such as Xia Yan, Hua Junwu, Huang Miaozi, Yu Feng, Wang Meng, etc. She is a friend of hers. She has also met me with these seniors on many occasions and asked them for drafts. Mao Mingsan was already a well-known cartoonist in the capital of the capital at that time. I had received two comic books for him.
Fourth, the reform
From the late 1970s to the early 1980s, it was an era of rectifying chaos and Vientiane renewals. The society often organized reports and meetings for leaders and experts to return from overseas visits. The venues were mostly in the Zhongnanhai Small Auditorium, the Capital Theater, and the Hongta Auditorium. I once went to listen to the reports of leading comrades such as Yuan Baohua, director of the Ministry of Agriculture, He Kang, minister of agriculture, and Li Peng, vice minister of the Ministry of Electric Power. They just left the short-listed audiences from the “Cultural Revolution” and hungryly recorded while holding a small book. , curious about the outside world.
The theoretical circle is even more active. The newspapers have opened up various columns for this purpose and organized special reports. They also specially invited some experts to comprehensively and systematically discuss a series of major issues in the economic reform from the combination of theory and practice. In the column "Investigation and Research on Economic Issues," the newspaper published many articles with weight, and was reprinted in the People's Daily and some theoretical publications, which produced extensive social influence and guided the economic work at that time. For a time, the “Foreign and Financial Front” newspaper has been at the forefront of society in emancipating the mind and breaking the forbidden zone. In fact, it has become the precursor to promoting reform and opening up in the economic field.
I remember that Guangyuan’s controversial article, “Talk about the Theory of Socialist Economic Goals,” was first published in the “Foreign and Financial Front” newspaper. On another occasion, I went to the National Planning Commission to take a manuscript, which was written by Fang Weizhong, deputy director of the Planning Commission at the time and entitled "Existing Problems in the Current Economic Management System and Some Ideas for Reform." This article believes that the current economic system has three major drawbacks. First, it is too much to die; the second is the use of administrative means to manage the economy, affecting the normal operation of the economy; Third, the company does not have the right to autonomy, and therefore has no enthusiasm, had to "wait and rely on" . The solutions proposed by him are: "giving the enterprise more autonomy, organizing the economy according to the economic laws," and "mainly adopting economic measures to manage the economy, and combining planning adjustment with market adjustment." These views are not surprising today, but they were very sharp at that time.
The newspaper is also very concerned about the people's livelihood. At the end of 1980, Liu Shulie, director of the editor-in-chief at the time, asked Fang Chenghao and Dong Yulin to find out that he planned to open up a “market pen” column on the front page to conduct a special interview on the issue of the planned economy that caused the market shortage and inconvenience to the people’s lives. . After a large number of first-line interviews and investigations, we have combed out a large number of topics that are more common problems encountered by ordinary people in their daily lives. I remember that only the article I wrote contained “What does Beijing Dongkuang Cabbage Supply Means?” This was written in response to Beijing's easy change of supply of Chinese cabbage at that time, causing difficulties for residents in purchasing vegetables and inequality. The worries of mothers—Why Beijing Children's Products are often out of stock—are written for moms living in Beijing who often find that they cannot buy suitable children's products; "It was written in response to the unscientific distribution of China's watch production layout and variety at that time; "Do not blindly develop micro-cars" and "Rural old cars need to be updated" are written for the problems that occurred in the automobile production at that time.
On September 26, 1980, an edition of an article I wrote was published in the “Foreign and Financial Front” newspaper. The title was entitled “The Pains of the Garden”. The same article also included editorial notes, photographs, and “Exhilarating Tour of the Summer Palace”. Letter from the reader. On the morning of the same day, the Central People's Broadcasting Station's "News and Newspaper Summary" program published this article. Since TVs were not widely available at that time, this program at 6:30 in the morning is an important way for people to obtain news. Therefore, the society has received a lot of feedback. At that time, the articles in the "Foreign Trade Frontier" newspaper were often broadcast.
In the year when the newspaper was founded, the circulation reached more than 800,000 copies. In the second year, it was changed from 4 tabloids to open large newspapers. The circulation of the newspapers soared to nearly one million copies, and it was the first newspaper publisher to resume advertising.
Among the authors of the theoretical circles I interviewed and communicated at that time, a large number of later became important players in reform and opening up.