Analysis of the Status Quo and Trends of China's Intelligent Manufacturing Industry Market in 2019
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Basic analysis of the intelligent manufacturing industry: definition, industry chain, key technologies, development history
According to the definition of “Intelligent Manufacturing Development Plan (2016-2020)” issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Finance on December 8, 2016, Intelligent Manufacturing (IM) is based on next-generation information communication technology and advanced manufacturing. Deep integration of technology, through all aspects of manufacturing activities such as design, production, management, and service, with new production methods such as self-awareness, self-learning, self-decision, self-execution, and self-adaptation.
Intelligent manufacturing stems from the study of artificial intelligence. It is generally believed that intelligence is the sum of knowledge and intelligence. The former is the basis of intelligence, and the latter refers to the ability to acquire and apply knowledge. Intelligent manufacturing should include intelligent manufacturing technology and intelligent manufacturing systems. The intelligent manufacturing system not only can continuously enrich the knowledge base in practice, but also has self-learning functions, as well as collecting and understanding environmental information and its own information, and analyzing and judging. The ability to plan for your own behavior.
The intelligent manufacturing industry chain covers four levels: perception layer, network layer, execution layer and application layer. The sensing layer mainly includes sensors, RFID, machine vision and other fields. The network layer mainly implements information transmission and processing, mainly including cloud computing and big data. In the technical fields such as smart chips and industrial Ethernet, the executive layer is mainly integrated products for intelligent manufacturing terminals, including robots, CNC machine tools, and 3D printing devices. The application layer is mainly an intelligent production line.
Intelligent manufacturing development needs to go through four stages of automation, informationization, interconnection and intelligence, which are respectively automation (removal and transformation of equipment with low automation level, manufacturing of intelligent equipment with high automation level) and informationization (products and services from physics to Information network, intelligent components participate in improving product information processing capabilities), interconnected (building factory Internet of Things, service network, data network, inter-plant Internet, equipment integration), intelligent (by sensor and machine vision technology to achieve intelligent monitoring ,decision making).
Although China's industry is a big manufacturing country, regional technology development is uneven, information technology development is uneven, and the degree of standardization is low. It is in the stage of industrial 2.0 (electrification) and 3.0 (digital) coexistence. Most of the manufacturing companies in the industry are in the same stage. Take the 2.0 to 3.0 stage. In the future, with the increase in labor costs and the shift of low-end manufacturing, China's manufacturing industry will passively enter the stage of large-scale machine production, especially labor-intensive enterprises.
The policy continues to promote the rapid development of the industry, and the competition in various segments is fierce.
With the advent of the fourth industrial revolution, intelligent manufacturing has become the core driving force for the development of manufacturing. In order to guide the upgrading of manufacturing industry, in recent years, China has successively released the Industrial Internet Development Action Plan (2018-2020), the Three-Year Action Plan for Promoting the Development of a New Generation of Artificial Intelligence Industry (2018-2020), and the Industrial Internet Network. Construction and Promotion Guide, etc. In December 2016, the state issued the “Intelligent Manufacturing Development Plan (2016-2020)”, pointing out that by 2020, the foundation and support capacity of intelligent manufacturing development will be significantly enhanced; by 2025, the intelligent manufacturing support system will be basically established, and key industries will initially achieve intelligent transformation. .
China's intelligent manufacturing industry segment can be divided into 3D printing, intelligent equipment, industrial software, communication technology, industrial Internet of Things.
In 2018, the output value of China's smart manufacturing industry will reach 1.69 trillion yuan.
Under the background of national policy promotion and technological transformation and upgrading of manufacturing technology, China's intelligent manufacturing industry has developed rapidly, which has profound impact on industrial development and division of labor. According to the statistics of the “Intellectual Manufacturing Industry Market Prospect and Investment Strategic Planning Analysis Report” issued by the Prospective Industry Research Institute, the output value of China's smart manufacturing industry in 2014 has reached 818.1 billion yuan. In 2015, the output value of China's smart manufacturing industry has exceeded one trillion yuan. As of 2017, the output value of China's smart manufacturing industry has grown to 151 billion yuan, with a growth rate of 22.6%. With the gradual improvement of technology and the continuous expansion of the application industry, the output value will continue to grow. Forward-looking Industrial Research Institute predicts that the output value of China's smart manufacturing industry will be about 1,686.7 billion yuan in the whole year of 2018, a year-on-year increase of 11.3%.
Intelligent manufacturing industry presents the trend of “East, Strong and West”
Since the publication of the first batch of 46 state-level intelligent manufacturing pilot demonstration projects in 2015, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced 63, 97 and 99 intelligent manufacturing pilot demonstration projects in 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively. The selection and selection policy of the intelligent manufacturing pilot demonstration project of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has promoted the application of intelligent manufacturing technology in various industries and played a demonstration role. From the regional distribution of China's intelligent manufacturing demonstration projects in 2018, as of 2018, the number of smart manufacturing pilot demonstration projects in East China reached the highest, reaching 136, accounting for 45% of the national total; followed by the North China region, intelligent manufacturing pilot demonstration project The number is 38, accounting for 12% of the country.
From the perspective of regional distribution, China's intelligent manufacturing demonstration enterprises are mainly concentrated in the Bohai Rim region with Beijing and Shandong as the core, the Yangtze River Delta with Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang as the core, and the Pearl River Delta with Guangdong as the core. The central and western regions with Henan and Anhui as the core have initially formed a good pattern of agglomeration and development of the “four major regions”. As of 2018, the number of smart manufacturing pilot demonstration projects in East China reached the highest, reaching 136, accounting for 45% of the national total; followed by North China, the number of intelligent manufacturing pilot demonstration projects was 38, accounting for 12% of the country.
On the whole, China's smart manufacturing shows the development trend of “East and West Weak”. The eastern coastal cities represented by Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Guangdong, etc. have strong economic strength, rich scientific and technological resources, and relatively rapid development of intelligent manufacturing. Large-scale manufacturing enterprises have basically realized the transition from mechanization to automation, and promoted enterprises from digitalization to Software, network, and intelligent upgrades are at the leading level in China. The industrialization level of the central and western regions represented by Sichuan, Shaanxi, Gansu, etc. is relatively low, and the manufacturing enterprises are generally in the stage of upgrading from mechanization to automation. The level of intelligent manufacturing development and popularization is lower than that of the eastern coastal areas.
Analysis of the Status Quo of Chinese Industrial Robot Analysis in 2018
In the field of intelligent manufacturing, the most noticeable development in recent years is industrial robots. As an important force to promote the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry, industrial robots have been widely used in automobile and auto parts manufacturing, mechanical processing industry, electrical and electronic industry, Rubber and plastics industry, food industry, wood and furniture manufacturing, etc. China's industrial robot market is developing rapidly, accounting for about one-third of the global market share. It is the world's largest industrial robot application market. In 2017, China's industrial robots maintained rapid growth. The industrial robot market was about 4.22 billion US dollars, and the sales volume of industrial robots was 148,000. At present, the demand for intelligent transformation and upgrading of production and manufacturing in China is increasingly prominent, and the market demand for industrial robots is still strong. Looking ahead, the sales of industrial robots in China will exceed 150,000 units in 2018, and the market size will reach 6.23 billion US dollars.
China's industrial robot industry started late, but it is developing rapidly. In the past three years, China has become the world's largest industrial robot market, and robots have gradually become an important area to enhance China's overall competitiveness. A large number of excellent industrial robot enterprises have emerged, and enterprises represented by Xinsong and Eston have been adding fire to the development of China's robot industry.
Enterprise intelligent manufacturing upgrades face a double dilemma, and intelligent manufacturing is still in its infancy
At present, although China's smart manufacturing industry is developing rapidly, it still faces a double dilemma about the upgrading of China's enterprise smart manufacturing industry:
1. Due to the increase in the prices of production factors such as domestic rents and labor costs, labor-intensive industries and processing-oriented enterprises have migrated to markets such as Vietnam, Myanmar, and India.
2. Developed countries in the United States and Europe have proposed a "re-industrialization" strategy to guide high-end manufacturing to return to China.
Although China is a big manufacturing country, it faces problems such as strong constraints on resources and technical environment, low product quality, insufficient innovation and competitiveness, and unreasonable industrial structure. Most of China's manufacturing enterprises are still in the industrial 2.0 stage, some enterprises are moving towards 3.0, and intelligent manufacturing is still in its infancy.
Simultaneous upgrade of management and manufacturing mode 3 large support technologies for lean and efficient production
The upgrading of China's intelligent manufacturing industry needs to coordinate the development of digital, network, intelligent and lean manufacturing, and achieve a simultaneous upgrade of manufacturing and management models. According to this principle, China's intelligent manufacturing industry not only needs to realize intelligent equipment, smart factories to replace traditional production methods, but also requires the establishment of advanced management concepts, the use of digital, intelligent system tools to improve management level, to achieve lean and efficient production. Comprehensive analysis of manufacturing advanced manufacturing concepts and manufacturing technologies, lean production, automation, and information technology are the three supporting technologies in the process of upgrading and upgrading the manufacturing industry.